6 Houses in Cabrera de Mar / Twobo arquitectura + Luis Twose

first_img 6 Houses in Cabrera de Mar / Twobo arquitectura + Luis Twose Design Team:Anna Sala, Raquel Vicente, Ourania ChamilakiClients:Olosega S.L.Engineering:ProenaCity:Cabrera de MarCountry:SpainMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© José HeviaRecommended ProductsLouvers / ShuttersLunawoodThermowood BattensLouvers / ShuttersBruagShading Screens – Perforated Facade PanelsEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesRodecaRound Facade at Omnisport Arena ApeldoornSkylightsJansenRoof Glazing – VISSText description provided by the architects. Located a few kilometers from Barcelona, Cabrera de Mar is a tourist destination overlooking the beach, a town of a few thousand inhabitants that fills up with visitors in the summer season. The project fills an urban void with a residential building, with a construction whose modern language dialogues with the architecture of the old town, even preserving an old stone wall on the basement level.Save this picture!© José HeviaSave this picture!Ground floor planSave this picture!© José HeviaThe residential building consists of six apartments of different sizes distributed over two floors. The project has two complementary main facades. The north side, where we find the accesses to the dwellings, has a solid facade, perforated only punctually by some windows. The south side is characterised by an exposed concrete frame, which delimits the private open spaces of the houses, small patios or terraces.Save this picture!© José HeviaSave this picture!Plan detailSave this picture!© José HeviaThe apartments feature an open and flexible floor plan, allowing for fluid movements and circular paths between the rooms, with the bathrooms grouped into central cores to free up the facades. The interiors have a sober character and are devoid of any decorative excess. Cement, terracotta, pine wood and metal are exposed and left in their raw state. It is the composition of these materials that embellishes the common and living spaces of the apartments.Save this picture!© José HeviaProject gallerySee allShow lessBaisha Old Town Retreat / Atelier GOM + AtelierbaSelected ProjectsJohannes House Extension / MADAM architectuurSelected Projects Share 2019 Spain CopyHouses•Cabrera de Mar, Spain ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/940469/6-houses-in-cabrera-de-mar-twobo-arquitectura-plus-luis-twose Clipboard Houses Architects: Luis Twose, Twobo arquitectura Area Area of this architecture project Photographs Projects ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/940469/6-houses-in-cabrera-de-mar-twobo-arquitectura-plus-luis-twose Clipboard 6 Houses in Cabrera de Mar / Twobo arquitectura + Luis TwoseSave this projectSave6 Houses in Cabrera de Mar / Twobo arquitectura + Luis Twose Alberto Twose, María Pancorbo, Pablo Twose, Luis Twose ArchDaily Manufacturers: Cerámicas Calaf, Cortizo, Roca, Roi, Acor, RCR “COPY” “COPY” Year:  Area:  1080 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Save this picture!© José Hevia+ 22Curated by Clara Ott Share Photographs:  José Hevia Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Lead Architects: CopyAbout this officeTwobo arquitecturaOfficeFollowLuis TwoseOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesOn FacebookSpainPublished on May 31, 2020Cite: “6 Houses in Cabrera de Mar / Twobo arquitectura + Luis Twose” [6 viviendas en Cabrera de Mar / Twobo arquitectura + Luis Twose] 31 May 2020. ArchDaily. Accessed 10 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogAluminium CompositesTechnowoodHow to Design a Façade with AluProfile Vertical ProfilesGlassMitrexSolar GreenhouseMetal PanelsAurubisOxidized Copper: Nordic BrownDoorsEGGERWood Laminate Doors in Molecular Plant Science InstituteStonesCosentinoSurfaces – Silestone® Nebula SeriesWall / Ceiling LightsLouis PoulsenLamp – LP RiplsWood Boards / HPL PanelsBruagRoom Dividers – Partition Wall MDFStonesNeolithSintered Stone – Mar del PlataWindowspanoramah!®ah! SecurityPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesULMA Architectural SolutionsMIS Facade PanelCarpetsFabromont AGTextile Floor Covering – Orbital® 07 COLORpunkt®LightsNorka lightingLuminaire – BelfastMore products »Save世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my streamlast_img read more

Oxfam app aims to bring supporters closer

first_img Advertisement Oxfam has launched an app aimed at making its work more transparent for supporters and giving them more control over their donations.My Oxfam is available free of charge for IoS and Android on the Apple Store and Google Play, and will let users dial up or down the amount they wish to donate and manage how the charity contacts them. It will also provide real-life stories, live updates on emergencies, and video messages from Oxfam staff on the ground.When there is a humanitarian emergency, supporters will be able to follow the situation in real time starting with an alert and moving through to video diaries from Oxfam staff on the ground and updates long after the initial response has finished.Through the app’s ‘Support Now’ dial, supporters can increase or decrease the amount they give, controlling the amount of their monthly gift, or enabling them to make a one-off donation to Oxfam’s work or to a particular humanitarian appeal via card, PayPal, SMS or direct debit.My Oxfam keeps a running tab of how much a supporter has given and by what method, including any sponsorships or fundraising and any online shop purchases. It also includes access to Oxfam’s online shop and will show when a shop has sold an item that the individual had donated.Paul Vanags, Oxfam’s head of public fundraising, said:“Charities are striving to meet the public’s demand for a closer, more modern and responsive relationship with the charities they support. Oxfam’s personalised app is another step towards that.“My Oxfam provides a window onto the lives changed by our supporters’ generosity and allows users to control their giving from the palm of their hand. The app gives them complete control of their support anytime anywhere and allows them to experience the impact of their generosity. Melanie May | 11 January 2017 | News AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis26 Tagged with: app mobile Oxfam  207 total views,  1 views today Oxfam app aims to bring supporters closer  208 total views,  2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis26 About Melanie May Melanie May is a journalist and copywriter specialising in writing both for and about the charity and marketing services sectors since 2001. She can be reached via www.thepurplepim.com.last_img read more

Black History forum: Obama, Harriet Tubman & jobs

first_imgBrenda Stokely, Larry Holmes, Jaribu Hill, the Rev. CD Witherspoon and Monica Mooreheadat Black History forum, Feb. 23.WW photo: Brenda RyanA dynamic Black History Month forum took place Feb. 23 in the new office of the New York City branch of Workers World Party. The theme of the forum was “Obama’s second term: Which road to liberation?”Speakers included Brenda Stokely, a leader of the Million Worker March Movement and an organizer for the International Working Women’s Day 2013 Coalition. She paid tribute to the great African-American liberator Harriet Tubman; March 10 is the centennial of her death. Stokely spoke of the individual heroism of Tubman, overcoming incredible odds to free herself from the bonds of slavery. But her heroism did not stop there. Tubman then joined the Underground Railroad and led hundreds of enslaved people to freedom, with the assistance of other Railroad operatives. Stokely emphasized that Tubman was connected to a much broader movement, a lesson that is just as important today in the struggle against all forms of capitalism.The Rev. C. D. Witherspoon, president of the Baltimore chapter of the Southern Christian Leadership Council and a representative of the Baltimore People’s Power Assembly, spoke on the contributions that assassinated Civil Rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. made to the Aug. 28, 1963, March on Washington, D.C., for Jobs and Freedom; its 50th anniversary is this year. In response to the growing crisis of police violence, poverty and racism, the Baltimore PPA is organizing a week-long Poor People’s March from Baltimore to D.C. to bring demands to the White House. Witherspoon stated that the march will be a regional one.Larry Holmes, WWP’s First Secretary and a Secretariat member, spoke on the relationship between Obama’s re-election as the first African-American president and the mass struggle in the United States. On the one hand, the Obama administration still fundamentally represents the interests of the capitalist class and imperialism. On the other hand, however, this second term represents optimism for the masses in terms of progress in the fight for social justice. Holmes stressed the need for the masses to fully break from the ideological chains of the Democratic Party and to embark on the path of a truly independent, anti-capitalist program for socialism.Jaribu Hill, executive director of the Mississippi Workers Center and a cultural worker, spoke about the ongoing struggle against racism and performed a song.Monica Moorehead, a WW managing editor, chaired the forum and spoke on the one-year anniversary of the murder of Trayvon Martin. For the forum podcast, go to workers.org.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

USDA Report Shows Indiana Crops Better than Anticipated

first_imgBob Nielsen,Bob Nielsen, Purdue Extension corn specialist, said he was comfortable with the USDA yield projection for Indiana, but stressed there is still a long way to go until harvest, “We need to have some timely August rains if we are going to hold these yield levels.” He told HAT shallow root systems and nitrogen shortages are impacting the corn crop in Indiana to a great extent. “It is a case of the haves and the have nots,” said Greg Matli, Indiana state statistician of the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, who said a regional breakdown of crop conditions in the state shows that some areas were hit very hard by the wet weather and others are having very good crops. Chris HurtChris Hurt, Purdue Extension agricultural economist, said this will be a very difficult year financially for Hoosier farmers, “Lower crop prices and lower yields will hit growers with cash rent contracts very hard. With a 20% crop loss, we could see growers with a $200 per acre negative margin.” Hurt said Indiana crop loss could total over $400 million dollars. Ted McKinney, director of the Indiana State Department of Agriculture, noted this will be very difficult on young farmers and that ISDA is looking into ways to provide helpful resources for financially stressed producers. USDA Report Shows Indiana Crops Better than Anticipated Live Cattle LEM21 (JUN 21) 118.70 1.13 Facebook Twitter All quotes are delayed snapshots Corn ZCN21 (JUL 21) 684.50 -14.50 Soybean ZSN21 (JUL 21) 1508.50 -35.50 USDA Report Shows Indiana Crops Better than AnticipatedJay Akridge, Glenn W. Sample Dean of the Purdue College of Agriculture.According to the USDA crop production figures released on Wednesday, the damage to Indiana crops from record rainfall this summer has not been as great as anticipated. While production was cut, the forecast was more optimistic than many farmers and the market had  anticipated. The USDA is projecting that this fall Indiana farmers will harvest 867.4 million bushels of corn on an average of 158 bushels per acre. That is down 20 percent from last year’s record 1.08 billion bushels on 188 bushels per acre. Indiana soybean farmers were projected to bring in 278.8 million bushels on 49 per acre, down 9.3 percent from last year when they produced the state’s second-largest crop of 307.4 million bushels on 56 per acre. Name Sym Last Change Wheat ZWN21 (JUL 21) 680.75 -3.00 SHARE How Indiana Crops are Faring Versus Other States center_img Some areas of the state were hit much harder than others, and some individual fields had both heavily damaged sections as well as areas that will produce good yields, noted Jay Akridge, Glenn W. Sample Dean of the Purdue College of Agriculture. “The bottom line is that yields will be off and we’ll see a lot of variability across the state,” said Akridge, who moderated a panel of experts analyzing the USDA’s August Crop Production Report at the Indiana State Fairgrounds. Some farmers in attendance expressed skepticism regarding the USDA report and feel future reports will reveal lower yields and less planted acres Home Indiana Agriculture News USDA Report Shows Indiana Crops Better than Anticipated SHARE By Gary Truitt – Aug 13, 2015 STAY CONNECTED5,545FansLike3,961FollowersFollow187SubscribersSubscribe Battle Resistance With the Soy Checkoff ‘Take Action’ Program Minor Changes in June WASDE Report Feeder Cattle GFQ21 (AUG 21) 151.18 2.78 Lean Hogs HEM21 (JUN 21) 122.68 0.22 Facebook Twitter Previous articleCorn Growers ask EPA to Put the Brakes on WOTUSNext articleUSDA Report Shocks Market, Sends Prices Falling Gary Truitt RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHORlast_img read more

“Despicable” campaign to smear woman investigative reporter

first_img RSF calls for a fully transparent investigation after mine kills two journalists in Azerbaijan Follow the news on Azerbaijan AzerbaijanEurope – Central Asia “We’ll hold Ilham Aliyev personally responsible if anything happens to this blogger in France” RSF says Receive email alerts RSF_en Organisation News to go further News Read the joint statement released today by the International Partnership Group for Azerbaijan (IPGA)Reporters Without Borders firmly condemns a despicable week-old smear campaign against Khadija Ismayilova, a journalist who works as the correspondent of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty’s local service and as regional coordinator of the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP).“Ismayilova is one of most brilliant and courageous independent journalists currently working in Azerbaijan,” Reporters Without Borders said. “This is not the first time she has been the target of threats designed to silence her. This campaign to humiliate her publicly has received extensive support from the pro-government press. It recalls the methods employed a few years ago to discredit the investigative work of other independent journalists. Such actions are quite revolting and must stop at once.”On 8 March, Ismayilova received a letter posted in Moscow containing six photos of her engaged in sexual relations. They were accompanied by a warning that she would be “extremely embarrassed” if she did not abandon her work.Ismayilova responded by publishing an open letter, which has circulated widely online, in which she said she had been expecting such threats and was ready to assume the consequences. At the end of the letter, she added links to the main reports she has written, several of which concern President Ilham Aliyev’s family.Today, a video of a similar nature to the photos was posted online on a fake mirror site of the opposition website Musavat.com. Both the leaders of the opposition party Musavat and the editors of the newspaper Musavat had denied any link with the mirror website. The fact that those behind this smear campaign were able to film the video shows that they have exceptional resources and are ready to stop at nothing.Similar methods were used in 2005 against Ganimat Zahid, the editor of the opposition newspaper Azadlig, and one of his colleague, Azer Ahmedov. Five years later, Ahmedov and two of his Azadlig colleagues, Gan Turali and Natig Gulah Medoghu, were targeted.Ismayilova has received many prizes for her investigative reporting, especially her coverage of corruption. According to a US embassy cable leaked by WikiLeaks, President Aliyev complained about Ismayilova at a meeting with Deputy Assistant Secretary of State Matthew Bryza on 19 January 2009. He described her as a “long-time opposition activist who considers herself to be an enemy of the government” and said he was hoping for a “change of direction” in RFE/RL’s coverage of Azerbaijan.Reporters Without Borders encourages everyone to sign a petition supporting Ismayilova.The Azerbaijani government is meanwhile tried to hide the continuing serious press freedom violations in the run-up to the May 2012 Eurovision Song Contest, which Baku is hosting. Azerbaijan was ranked 162nd out of 179 countries in the 2011/2012 Reporters Without Borders press freedom index. June 8, 2021 Find out more News Related documents IPGA statement – 15.03.2012PDF – 330.9 KB June 4, 2021 Find out more Help by sharing this information March 15, 2012 – Updated on January 20, 2016 “Despicable” campaign to smear woman investigative reporter Russian peacekeepers deny foreign reporters access to Nagorno-Karabakh News AzerbaijanEurope – Central Asia April 9, 2021 Find out morelast_img read more

SC Grants One Month’s Time To Implement The Grant of Permanent Commission and Command Posts for Eligible Women Officers in Army

first_imgTop StoriesSC Grants One Month’s Time To Implement The Grant of Permanent Commission and Command Posts for Eligible Women Officers in Army Radhika Roy6 July 2020 11:55 PMShare This – xThe Supreme Court has granted one Month’s time to implement the grant of Permanent Commission and Command Posts for eligible women officers in the Indian Army. A Bench headed by Justice DY Chandrachud heard the Application filed by the Centre seeking for an extension of 6 months to implement the judgement that had been delivered by Justices DY Chandrachud and Ajay Rastogi on…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Supreme Court has granted one Month’s time to implement the grant of Permanent Commission and Command Posts for eligible women officers in the Indian Army. A Bench headed by Justice DY Chandrachud heard the Application filed by the Centre seeking for an extension of 6 months to implement the judgement that had been delivered by Justices DY Chandrachud and Ajay Rastogi on 17th February 2020. The 17th February judgment directed that Permanent Commission should be granted to women in the Army, regardless of their service, in all the ten streams where the Union Government had already taken a decision to grant Short Service Commission to women. The Court had further held that absolute exclusion of women from command assignments is against the tenets of Article 14 of the Constitution of India. Therefore, the policy that women will be given only “staff appointments” was held to be unenforceable. “An absolute bar on women seeking criteria or command appointments would not comport with the guarantee of equality under Article 14. Implicit in the guarantee of equality is that where the action of the State does differentiate between two classes of persons, it does not differentiate between them in an unreasonable or irrational manner”. It was stated in the judgment that the blanket non-consideration of women for criteria or command appointments absent an individuated justification by the Army and cannot be sustained in law. The judgement had concluded on the note that the necessary steps for compliance with it should be taken within three months from the date of the judgement. However, the Ministry of Defence submitted to the Bench today that decision-making was at its final stage and that only formal orders were to be issued. The Bench accordingly accepted the submission that the delay in implementation of the judgment was due to the prevailing COVID-19 pandemic and allowed the Government an extension of one month to comply with its February verdict. Next Storylast_img read more

Cross Border Workers renew call for talks on double tax

first_img Twitter Pinterest Previous article“We owe it to young people to get this right” – McHughNext articleLocal government funding model puts Donegal at disadvantage – DCC Chief Executive News Highland Pinterest Cross Border Workers renew call for talks on double tax AudioHomepage BannerNews By News Highland – April 30, 2021 Londonderry Chamber of Commerce CEO, and member of the Steering Group of the Cross Border Workers Coalition, Paul Clancy, has said:“Given our proximity to the border with the Republic of Ireland, many of our members are cross border workers themselves, or employ them. The ‘double tax’ burden for those who work remotely makes it difficult for many North West businesses to attract and retain skilled workers who live on their doorstep and must be addressed.” A Cross Border group has urged the Irish Government to reform unfair tax laws which harm border workers and their communities.The Cross Border Workers Coalition has called on the Irish Finance Minister, Paschal Donohoe TD, to shift his focus from international tax reform to addressing damaging domestic tax laws which can penalise cross border workers, who live in the Republic of Ireland but work in Northern Ireland, with a ‘double tax’ on their income if they work remotely.This comes as Minister Donohoe has recently accepted the loss of €2 billion of corporation tax revenue by adopting new OECD tax proposals. The Coalition has urged the Minister to display the same level of flexibility for disadvantaged frontier workers.Temporarily waivered tax requirements in the Republic of Ireland can deny cross border workers the ability to claim tax relief on their income if they work remotely. The Coalition argues that despite introducing several policies promoting remote work in the last year, the Irish Government have ignored the need for a permanent solution to this issue which can deny thousands of cross border workers modern-day working practises.While an NI resident employee can work in the Republic of Ireland for up to 60 days without triggering a tax liability, a Republic of Ireland resident employee working in Northern Ireland loses the ability to claim Cross Border Workers Relief for carrying out any work-related activities from home.Based in the North West, the Coalition is an alliance of individual employees who live in the ‘necklace’ region of the Republic of Ireland but work in Northern Ireland. It represents businesses and trade bodies who rely on a cross border workforce including Londonderry and Newry Chambers of Commerce.The leadership of the Coalition warn that, left unchanged, current income tax laws in the Republic of Ireland will discourage foreign investment in the border areas, sharpen the regional imbalance in the all-island economy and unfairly penalise cross border workers.Cross Border Workers Coalition Co-Chair, Aidan O’Kane, has said:“Recent proposals from the Irish Government such as the National Remote Work Strategy and Our Rural Future plans have shown Ministers’ commitment to accommodating remote work for all. Despite this, no action has been taken to change cross border tax laws which can effectively prohibit thousands from home-working. If the Government is serious about protecting borderland communities and addressing regional imbalance in the economy as set out in the Shared Island Unit, this issue must be urgently addressed.” News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th Google+ Journey home will be easier – Paul Hegarty Facebook Derry draw with Pats: Higgins & Thomson Reaction FT Report: Derry City 2 St Pats 2 “A permanent change in cross border tax laws to solve this issue would encourage foreign investment, stimulate job creation at a time of significant economic uncertainty, and grant a better work/life balance to frontier workers. The Chamber fully supports the proposals of the Coalition and echoes the call for urgent action from the Irish Government.” Google+ Twitter Facebook “The Finance Minister, Paschal Donohoe TD has recently led discussions on international tax policy reform whilst ignoring the dire need for reform in domestic tax rules. The Minister has said that up to €2 billion of the Irish Government’s tax revenue will be lost under new OECD tax proposals. We urge the Minister to display the same level of flexibility in permanently resolving this issue for the thousands of cross-border workers his Government represents.” RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR “As public and private sector organisations across the island move towards permanently introducing remote working provisions, the Irish Government must act now and introduce new, flexible cross border tax rules which uphold the rights of cross border workers and protect the interests of borderland communities. We look forward to this issue being raised at relevant all-island platforms including the North South Ministerial Council, the newly established Dublin-Belfast Economic Corridor and in our future meeting with Finance Minister Donohoe.” Harps come back to win in Waterford “The Chamber reiterates its call for a permanent, pragmatic solution to this issue and urges the Irish Government to imminently consider proposals to change current, damaging tax laws.”Website: www.crossborderworker.com WhatsApp DL Debate – 24/05/21 Newry Chamber of Commerce and Trade President, and member of the Steering Group of the Cross Border Workers Coalition, Emma Mullen-Marmion, has said:“The last 12 months have seen a fundamental shift in our working practises. Remote working is here to stay, and for businesses across Newry City, flexible working arrangements will be instrumental in future growth. Left unchanged, these restrictive personal tax rules in the Republic of Ireland will disadvantage local businesses and put undue financial and personal pressures on the lives of many cross border workers.” WhatsApp The Cross Border Workers Coalition says it’s vital that anamolies in the tax system are resolved as work practices slowly begin to normalise.There is currently a provision in Irish law whereby cross border workers, who live in the Republic of Ireland but work in Northern Ireland are forced to pay a double tax if they work remotely.That has been temporarily set to one side during the pandemic, but the coalition says it must be permanently removed as previously promised.Calling for an immediate meeting with Finance Minister Pascal Donohoe, the Coalition’s Co-Chair Aidan O’Kane says the government is accepting the loss of €2 billion of corporation tax revenue, and similar flexibility must be shown to cross border workers………….Audio Playerhttps://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/aidan1pm.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.Release in full -Irish Government must listen to border workers’ concerns and address damaging tax laws, urges Cross Border grouplast_img read more

Coming clean

first_imgEmulsifiersUsed for dough strengthening to give volume, they stabilise systems using water and oil. Generally, they bind with starch; one part of the molecule attaches to the fat and the other to the water. This stabilises the bubbles that form in the dough. For example, when you over-prove, without an emulsifier, the dough will flop down because there is nothing holding the bubbles together. PreservativesCalcium Propionate (E282)This is used for an anti-mould effect and will typically give one to three extra days’ shelf-life.Solution 1: Vinegar is the classic alternative, as used for example in Hovis crumpets. It reduces the dough pH level, therefore making the likelihood of the bread being susceptible to microbial degradation.Drawbacks: It is nowhere near as effective as E282. It reduces dough water absorption and affects taste and aroma.Solution 2: Fermented carbohydrates (fermented wheat flour, wheat starch or whey protein) have started to be used in recent years. In fermenting, they produce certain organic acids, which have an anti-microbial effect, which will increase the shelf-life of bread. It also changes the flavour some say it enhances it.Drawbacks: You need to use a lot of it up to four times as much as E282. However, the price implication is not great and higher-concentrate products are emerging. As you can see, it is a complicated issue. So the best advice is to speak to your customers to find out what they will accept in your products. Contact your ingredients supplier to navigate the tricky path to cleaner labels. Sodium stearoyl lactylate or SSL (E481)This is less complex than E472e and comes in powder form and controls oven spring. It also improves gas retention and offers a soft eating bread with a longer shelf-life. It is mainly used in semi-rich and rich yeasted goods and it can be combined with E472e.Solution: Lipase enzymes can now work on fats in the dough to produce emulsifiers, and give the improvement in volume and internal texture that is a pretty good replacement to E472e or E481. From a cost perspective, they are similar to emulsifiers.Anti-stalingMonoglycerides (E471)This is another emulsifier crumb softener that retards staling. It comes in powder, paste and hydrate forms the latter being most effective. E471 is most effective over the first three days, but it can lead to a weaker crumb.Solution: Enzymes that reduce staling can be found in the category of amylases. Heat-stable amylases work on the damaged starch and gelatinising starch in your dough to produce the sugars that yeast loves. It breaks down the starch, reducing the starch’s ability to form crystals, which make bread hard and is the characteristic of staling. The special amylases for anti-staling are activated later in the process than the alpha amylases that are typically found in bread improvers, to stop crystals forming in bread which then cause staling.Drawbacks: There are two types available those derived from GM sources and non-GM versions. The non-GM version has a negative effect on crumb resilience, which is why many people use the other. Policy is to minimise the use of food additives and to use natural additives wherever possible. 99% of foods free from artificial colours and flavouringsDo not use any artificial additives in own-brand food and drink unless it is essentialPolicy to keep the use of additives to a minimum. First supermarket to target additive reduction in frozen and chilled ready meals through ’Kitchen Cupboard Guarantee’Permits the use of appropriate additives only where necessary and seeks to use natural alternatives whenever possible Data or Datem (E472e)or to give them their full name, diacetyl tartaric acid esters of mono and di glycerides of fatty acids phew! It works by bonding to gluten and stabilises the liquid film around gas cells. It increases gas retention, which results in a closer texture, brighter crumb, more volume, oven spring and proof tolerance. It is used in white bread (lower protein flours); morning goods (where a high volume or long proof is required); and wholemeal, multi-grain and seeded breads. Many different compounds are possible and they vary in functionality and physical state (liquid, pastilles, flakes or powder). Flour Treatment Agents: gas retention/dough strengtheningAscorbic Acid (E300)The main benefit is a stronger elastic protein network, through forming chains in the proteins, which results in good oven spring. The overall effect is a stable, stronger, more elastic protein net-work capable of expanding without rupture. It benefits the protein network by removing bonding potential of the water-soluble proteins. It requires oxygen to convert to de-hydro ascorbic acid (vacuum mixing will reduce oxygen availability).Solution: it is also known as Vitamin C, so the consumer is not that concerned. However, if you are desperate to remove ascorbic acid from the label, there are natural ingredients that contain ascorbic acid. One clean label alternative is Acerola cherry.Drawbacks: It will cost you a fortune! It is priced at around 10 times that of ascorbic acid, and requires around 10 times more quantity.Also, because it’s a natural ingredient, which depends on soil and climate conditions, there will always be question marks over how consistent it can be. Glucose Oxidase is used on the continent to replace ascorbic acid but GB Plange does not recommend it for use in the UK. The UK baking industry has come to rely on a whole host of additives to make a classic range of products, from crumpets to loaves. Over the past few years, the tide has been turning towards additive-free. But there is a lot of misunderstanding about what function ingredients such as bread improvers perform and how to replace them.British Baker attended a ’clean label’ development day at ingredients supplier GB Plange to find out. “Clean label is an industry term it’s not something that means that much to the consumer. Generally, this means removing ingredients with E-numbers,” says Marie Parnell, general manager of GB Plange. “This means emulsifiers, but also preservatives, which tend to be used by the larger industrial bakeries. Then there are flour treatment agents, such as ascorbic acid, which are used to give better volume.”Why are bakers concerned about removing them? Because consumers are. ’Use of additives’ was the fifth most mentioned food concern cited by a Food Standards Agency (FSA) study, published in 2009, behind food poisoning, salt and hygiene in take-home/eat out foods. In the main, retailers’ views are following suit to keep the use of additives to a minimum.”Rightly or wrongly, consumers seem to equate naturalness and that also means no additives with being better for them,” explains Parnell. “The perception by the lay consumer is that additives somehow damage health. As an industry, we need to respond to consumers’ needs for more natural products with fewer additives; they don’t want to see any reduction in the quality of the bread; and they don’t want to see unacceptable cost being added onto the price of a loaf.”When it comes to replacing emulsifiers, enzymes present no additional cost and they do a similar job. However, the issue is not black and white. There are murmurings in Europe that enzymes which currently do not have to be labelled may eventually have to be declared on-pack. This would be the case if any enzymes were found to survive the baking process and if a clear link were made to allergies.What’s more, how clean is clean? One of the four basic bread ingredients, salt, contains two anti-caking agents. Then there’s ascorbic acid aka Vitamin C… “Actually, what we’re really talking about is cleaner labels, because most clean label bread improvers do have ascorbic acid in them,” says Parnell. “When it comes to talking about clean label, most people are prepared to accept ascorbic acid. From a consumer point of view, that is considered natural.”Here we explore additives and some alternatives on the market. What is ’clean label’? Clean label claims No artificial flavours or preservativesNo specific claims, but not using artificial preservatives in bread productsNo specific claims What is a bread improver? L-Cysteine Hydrochloride (E920)This relaxes the gluten network to make the dough much more extensible, with less shrink-back and better pan flow and volume control. It is for use in making regular shapes such as hamburger buns with an indent, pizzas or flatbreads with a certain shape and reworking pastry off-cuts. It is cost-effective because only a tiny amount is needed in a bread improver.Solution 1: If you want to relax your dough and get some good pan flow, you can use deactivated yeast (Levuraline), which has a compound that is quite similar to Cysteine.Drawbacks: It’s not the same effect it’s not as instant. With Cysteine in the dough, you can feel it straight out of the mixer an almost chewing gum-like dough. Deactivated yeast works a little later, which means it has a different function in the final effect on the bread. This could be seen as an advantage, because you don’t have an issue at the mixer stage. While it is cheaper than Cysteine, you would have to use a lot more, which costs more. Having said that, it is widely used by pizza and flatbread manufacturers.Solution 2: The enzyme protease is much cheaper. It relaxes the dough by breaking down the proteins, which loses gas retention in the dough.Drawbacks: It is trickier to use. Because it’s an enzyme, it will continue to work, breaking down proteins until it is deactivated during baking. This is not the end of the world if you have a carefully controlled process and you can be confident that, from mixing to baking, it will always take the same time and the same temperature. If your process is not that carefully controlled, avoid it like the plague! Position on additives A blend of functional ingredients, additives and processing aids formulated to fulfil customer requirements, which may: increase or control gas production; increase or control gas retention; modify dough mixing rheology; modify pan flow or moulding characteristics. Improvers typically contain: emulsifiers; fats; soya flour; flour treatment agents (oxidants); and enzymes. Soya flourTypically an ingredient in bread improvers, soya flour contains the enzyme lipoxygenase. It actually makes the bread whiter by bleaching the naturally occurring carotenoid in the wheat. It contains the emulsifier lecithin and is high in protein, which can help the dough. There are allergen considerations, which some retailers are keen to avoid. But while bakers are being drawn to making clean-label products, it’s a useful tool in the armoury. Ascorbic acid has a synergistic effect when used with soya flour. Enzymes: what are they? This is an industry term, generally meaning no ingredients which have to be labelled with an E-number. Those typically used in baking include emulsifiers, such as Data Ester (E472e), distilled monoglyceride (E471) and SSL (E481); preservatives such as Calcium Propionate (E282); flour treatment agents such as L-Cysteine (E920); colours and often artificial or so-called nature-identical flavours.It is important to ask exactly what your customer will and will not allow. Most customers will allow ascorbic acid (E300). ’Cleaner labels’ are shorter, with fewer E-numbers. In bread-making the main focus is on removing artificial preservatives, emulsifiers and L-cysteine hydrochloride. Enzymes are proteins that catalyse reactions. They work on substrates (primarily from flour) in the dough and normally break down the substrate into smaller units by cleaving specific bonds. These breakdown products have the beneficial effect on the dough/bread NOT the enzyme.The enzyme is not used up in the reaction it will continue to work given the correct conditions (time, temperature, pH and sufficient substrate) and variations in dough processing times will change the effect of enzymes. However, it is claimed they are deactivated in baking. These include amylases (derived from malt flour, fungal and bacterial sources), hemicellulases and protease.last_img read more

South Bend Spring ReLeaf Program begins this week

first_img Pinterest Facebook South Bend Spring ReLeaf Program begins this week (Photo Supplied/City of South Bend) The City of South Bend’s annual Spring ReLeaf Program began this week.Between now and Friday, April 9, South Bend residents can call 311 to request a leaf pickup, with pickups beginning the week of April 12.Loose leaves must be raked to the curb and should be free of sticks, trash and other debris.You can read the full Spring ReLeaf program guidelines below:Leaves need to be raked to the tree lawn area, NOT into the street, to prevent them from clogging storm inlets. Residents should rake leaves prior to calling 311 to ensure they are picked up.Leaves need to be free of sticks, trash and other debris or they will not be picked up.Yard waste material can be put in the City’s yard waste bin. The weekly yard waste program starts April 1. Residents interested in participating in the program can sign up at southbendin.gov/yardwaste  or by calling 311.Cars should not be parked on top of or in front of leaf piles along curb lines, as this hampers crews from collecting leaves.Burning of leaves in South Bend is prohibited and is a violation of City ordinance. WhatsApp Google+ Facebook Twitter Twittercenter_img IndianaLocalNews Pinterest Google+ TAGS311collectionIndianaleafReLeaf programSouth Bendspring WhatsApp By Brooklyne Beatty – March 29, 2021 0 277 Previous articleConvicted home invasion prisoner claims he was mistreated in Elkhart County JailNext articleSouth Shore Line’s Bikes on Trains program returns Brooklyne Beattylast_img read more

Listen To Phish Lay Down A 27-Minute ‘Ghost’ Funk-Fest On This Day 20 Years Ago

first_imgWhile Phish has just kicked off their historic thirteen-night residency at Madison Square Garden, it’s still a joy to look back at their storied history. When Phish was on in 1997, they were on a whole different level. The band toured relentlessly during that era of their career, with their performance at Lakewood Amphitheatre in Atlanta, GA, constituting a show no one would soon forget. Their 7/23/97 itself is chock full of highlights, including one of the best “Julius” performances ever in the opening spot. The show also features an unusual “You Enjoy Myself” in the second set, that moved from a jam section reminiscent of “Scent of a Mule” into a bust out “Rocky Mountain Way” jam session, eventually concluding the set with “Chalk Dust Torture.”However, when fans talk about 7/23/97, it’s the “Ghost” that comes to mind. The 27-minute version really grooves through the many instrumental themes of Phish’s repertoire, gliding from porno funk to melodic to dark to feedback. It’s quite the testament to Phish’s ability to jam, as the whole thing flows cohesively through the different themes. This is some top-shelf Phish.Listen to the 27-minute version of “Ghost” below, courtesy of astavely56.You can also check out full audio from the show below, courtesy of fromtheaquarium, as well as the Phish.net setlist below.Setlist: Phish | Lakewood Amphitheatre | Atlanta, GA | 7/23/97Set 1: Julius, Dirt, NICU > Dogs Stole Things > Ginseng Sullivan, Water in the Sky, Limb By Limb, Split Open and Melt, Billy Breathes, PossumSet 2: Punch You In the Eye, Ghost > Sample in a Jar, You Enjoy Myself[1] -> Rocky Mountain Way Jam > Chalk Dust TortureEncore: FrankensteinNotes: Ghost included Spooky and On Your Way Down teases. YEM included a Jeopardy! theme tease, a very unusual SOAMule-like jam segment, and did not have a vocal jam. Chalk Dust included Rocky Mountain Way teases.last_img read more