SEA-LNG study: LBM and LSM to push LNG as marine fuel

first_imgThe multi-sector industry coalition SEA-LNG released a new study analyzing the availability and costs of Liquefied Bio Methane (LBM) and Liquefied Synthetic Methane (LSM) and the potential to contribute to future decarbonization for the shipping industry. The biomass resources from which LBM can be produced are globally available. The availability of LSM will be dependent on the future build-out of renewable electricity capacity and therefore relies on investment within this space. This will also be a key driver within the development of other synthetic fuels reliant on renewable electricity, such as green hydrogen and ammonia. The study concludes that both could become available in sufficient quantities to make a contribution towards future decarbonization for the shipping industry and that the costs need not be significantly higher than those of other low- and zero-carbon fuels. “In combination, the studies we have commissioned definitely proves that, through LBM and LSM, LNG offers a clear pathway to net zero-carbon emissions from shipping while also future-proofing ship owners’ investments,” Keller said. “The shipping industry faces unprecedented challenges if it is to meet the IMO’s decarbonization targets,” commented Peter Keller, chairman, SEA-LNG. Further, the growing LNG-fueled fleet could use LBM or LSM without requiring major modifications, and the existing supply infrastructure will remain fit for bunkering purposes with either fuel. The production costs of LBM and LSM could be broadly comparable to other renewable fuels like green hydrogen and ammonia. Analysis of the global sustainable biomass resource shows that biomethane from energy crops, agricultural residues, forestry products and residues could significantly exceed the global total energy demand of the maritime sector. The sustainable potential for LBM could be substantially higher in 2050 compared to 2030, even when excluding aquatic biomass, which has the potential to play a dominant role in the long term. Dagmar Nelissen (CE Delft), said, “Based on an extensive review of the global availability of biomass, and the maturity of technologies to produce biomethane and synthetic methane, we conclude that, in principle, sufficient amounts could be produced to fuel the shipping sector. However, other sectors are also likely to demand methane, and there needs to be significant investments in production capacity.” The study explores the potential availability and cost of LBM and LSM produced from renewable electricity with the aim of providing industry-leading, timely, and proven analysis to support the growing case for LBM and LSM in driving forward LNG as a decarbonization solution towards 2030, 2050, and beyond, SEA-LNG said. Compared to those fuels, LBM and LSM have the advantage that they can be transported, stored and bunkered, utilizing existing and technically matured LNG infrastructure. The study was conducted by independent research and consultancy organization CE Delft and commissioned by SEA-LNG. He further noted that by investing in LNG-fuelled vessels now, ship owners can realize immediate GHG benefits – up to 21 percent on a Well-to-Wake basis and 28 percent, Tank-to-Wake, including the impact of methane emissions. These LNG-based assets can use non-fossil fuel methane such as LBM and LSM with little to no modifications. As LBM and LSM become available at scale, the carbon-free future will become reality. The findings are that both LBM and LSM are scalable solutions for the maritime sector, with estimated sustainable global supplies potentially exceeding the demands of shipping in the future, and likely to be commercially competitive relative to other low- and zero-carbon fuels. Image courtesy of MANlast_img read more

Dodgers vs. Houston Astros World Series scouting report, prediction

first_img Astros Notes: Josh Reddick is prepared to hear from Dodgers fans Video: Dodgers vs. Astros World Series previewWORLD SERIES SCHEDULEGame 1: at Dodgers, Tuesday, 5:09 p.m.Game 2: at Dodgers, Wednesday, 5:09 p.m.Game 3: at Astros, Friday, 5:09 p.m. Game 4: at Astros, Saturday, 5:09 p.m.Game 5-x: at Astros, Sunday, 5:19 p.m.Game 6-x: at Dodgers, Oct. 31, 5:09 p.m.Game 7-x: at Dodgers, Nov. 1, 5:09 p.m.x- if necessary Back injury could make Corey Seager the Dodgers’ preferred DH in Houston Dodgers vs. Astros is a World Series for baseball’s Information Age Times listed are for first pitch. All games broadcast on Fox/Ch. 11TALE OF THE TAPEOFFENSEDodgers  (MLB rank) … category … Astros (MLB rank)770 (12th) … Runs scored … 896 (1st).334 (6th) … OBP … .346 (1st).437 (T-8th) … Slugging Pct … .478 (1st).771 (8th) … OPS … .823 (1st).249 (22nd) … Batting Avg. … .282 (1st)221 (11th) … HRs … 238 (2nd)77 (19th) … SBs … 98 (8th)PITCHINGDodgers (MLB rank) … category … Astros (MLB rank)3.38 (2nd) … Team ERA … 4.12 (11th)3.38 (4th) … Bullpen ERA … 4.27 (17th)1.15 (1st) … WHIP … 1.27 (8th)9.65 (4th) … Ks per 9 inns … 9.91 (2nd).671 (1st) … Opponent OPS … .720 (9th).228 (T-1st) … Opponent Avg. … .240 (6th)PROJECTED LINEUPSAstros: CF George Springer (.283, 34 HRs, 85 RBI, .847 OPS), 3B Alex Bregman (.284, 19 HRs, 71 RBI), 2B Jose Altuve (MLB-leading .346, 24 HRs, 81 RBI, 32 SBs, .957 OPS), SS Carlos Correa (.315, 24 HRs, 84 RBI, .941 OPS), RF Josh Reddick (.314, 13 HRs, 82 RBI, .847 OPS), 1B Yuli Gurriel (.299, 18 HRs, 75 RBI), LF Marwin Gonzalez (.303, 23 HRs, 90 RBI), C Brian McCann (.241, 18 HRs, 62 RBI)Dodgers: CF Chris Taylor (.288, 21 HRs, 72 RBI, 85 runs scored, team-leading 17 SBs), SS Corey Seager (.295, 22 HRs, 77 RBI, 85 runs scored), 3B Justin Turner (.322, 21 HRS, 71 RBI, team-leading .415 OBP and .945 OPS), 1B Cody Bellinger (.267, team-leading 39 HRs and 95 RBI, .933 OPS), C Austin Barnes (.289, 8 HRs, 38 RBI), RF Yasiel Puig (.263, 28 HRs, 74 RBI), LF Kike’ Hernandez (.215, 11 HRs, 37 RBI), 2B Logan Forsythe (.224, 6 HRs, 36 RBI)The Astros ran the table during the regular season – they led the majors in runs scored, batting average, on-base percentage and slugging percentage. They had the lowest strikeout rate and the second-most home runs. More complicated stats liked them just as much. The Astros’ wRC-plus (weighted runs created plus) of 121 – a statistic that compares performance across league average – was the fourth-highest in baseball history behind three Murderers’ Row-era Yankees teams. That offense, however, has only been seen sporadically in the postseason. They will be further handicapped by losing the DH for any games in Los Angeles. Still … EDGE: ASTROSSTARTING PITCHERSAstros: LH Dallas Keuchel (14-5, 2.90 ERA, 1.12 WHIP), RH Justin Verlander (15-8, 3.36 ERA, 1.18 WHIP), RH Lance McCullers (7-4, 4.25 ERA, 1.30 WHIP), RH Charlie Morton (14-7, 3.62 ERA, 1.19 WHIP)Dodgers: LH Clayton Kershaw (18-4, 2.31 ERA, 0.95 WHIP, 202 Ks, 175 IP), LH Rich Hill (12-8, 3.32 ERA, 1.09 WHIP, 166, 135-2/3IP), RH Yu Darvish (10-12, 3.86 ERA, 1.16 WHIP, 209 Ks, 186-2/3 IP), LH Alex Wood (16-3, 2.72 ERA, 1.06 WHIP, 151 Ks, 151-2/3 IP)Keuchel and Verlander are an imposing duo. They have a combined 1.93 ERA and 1.02 WHIP this postseason. One or the other was the winning pitcher in six of the Astros’ seven victories to get here (including Verlander’s relief appearance in Game 4 of the ALDS against the Boston Red Sox). The Dodgers’ trio of Kershaw, Hill and Darvish has been just as good (a combined 2.87 ERA and 0.98 WHIP) and the Dodgers haven’t lost a game started by any of them this postseason. EDGE: DODGERSBULLPENAstros: RH Ken Giles (1-3, 34 saves, 4 blown saves, 2.30 ERA, 1.04 WHIP), RH Chris Devenski (8-5, 4 saves, 2.68 ERA, 0.94 WHIP), RH Brad Peacock (13-2, 3.00 ERA, 1.19 WHIP, in 34 games, 21 starts), RH Wil Harris (3-2, 2 saves, 2.98 ERA), LH Francisco Liriano (6-7, 5.66 ERA, 1.63 WHIP) RH Joe Musgrove (7-8, 2 saves, 4.77 ERA, 1.33 WHIP), RH Luke Gregerson (2-3, 4.57 ERA), RH Collin McHugh (5-2, 3.55 ERA in 12 starts).Dodgers: RH Kenley Jansen (5-0, 1.32 ERA, 41 saves, 1 blown save), RH Brandon Morrow (6-0, 2.06 ERA, 0.92 WHIP, 10.3 Ks per 9 IP), RH Josh Fields (5-0, 2.84 ERA, 0.97, 9.5 Ks per 9 IP), RH Brandon McCarthy (6-4, 3.98 ERA, 1.25 WHIP, 7.0 Ks per 9 IP), LH Tony Cingrani (0-0, 4.22 ERA, 1.22 WHIP, 11.0 Ks per 9 IP), LH Tony Watson (7-4, 3.38 ERA, 10 saves, 1.38 WHIP with Pirates and Dodgers), RH Kenta Maeda (13-6, 4.22 ERA, 1.15 WHIP. 25 starts)This is where so many postseason series are decided – and the Dodgers would seem to have a big advantage. Their bullpen carries a postseason-record 23-inning scoreless streak into the World Series. Opposing batters have hit .125 off Dodgers relievers and Dave Roberts’ choices have been unassailable. The Astros, meanwhile, had a very good bullpen during the regular season but that group has been less dependable during the postseason, particularly their two most important pitchers – Giles (five runs in six innings) and Devenski (four runs in three innings). EDGE: DODGERSBENCHAstros: DH-OF Carlos Beltran (.231, 14 HRs, 51 RBI), C-DH Evan Gattis (.263, 12 HRs, 55 RBI), OF Derek Fisher (.212, 5 HRs, 17 RBI) OF Cameron Maybin (.228, 10 HRs, 35 RBI, 33 SBs)Dodgers: C Yasmani Grandal (.247, 22 HRs, 58 RBI), LF Andre Ethier (.235, 2 HRs, 3 RBI in 22 regular-season games), IF-OF Charlie Culberson (.250, 4 HRs, 32 RBI in Triple-A), 2B Chase Utley (.236, 8 HRs, 34 RBI), OF Joc Pederson (.212, 11 HRs, 35 RBI)The Astros will be unable to use Beltran or Gattis at DH in the games at Dodger Stadium, taking away from their lineup but adding to their bench. Beltran has been one of the best postseason performers of his generation – a .311 average, 16 HRs and a 1.035 OPS in 62 career postseason games. EDGE: EVENMANAGERHas Roberts made a mistake this postseason? Maybe he shouldn’t have left Kershaw in to pitch the seventh inning of NLDS Game 1 against the Diamondbacks. Maybe he shouldn’t have given Granderson a start. But his lineups have produced and his bullpen usage has been impeccable. Astros manager A.J. Hinch has had a more challenging road with a bullpen that has not pitched up to its regular-season standard. EDGE: DODGERSSERIES PREDICTIONThe World Series hasn’t seen two 100-win teams since the Baltimore Orioles and Cincinnati Reds faced off in 1970. In that one, pitching (the Orioles featured three 20-game winners in Jim Palmer, Mike Cuellar and Dave McNally) prevailed in five games over the offensive juggernaut that was the Big Red Machine. The Dodgers feature the better pitching in this matchup (with what appears to be a significant advantage in the bullpen) while the Astros have one of the best lineups in years. But it’s not that clear-cut – the Astros also have Keuchel and Verlander capable of shutdown performances potentially starting four of the seven games. The Big Red Machine didn’t have that. ASTROS IN 7Related Articlescenter_img Whicker: Astros offer Dodgers a stiff 7-game challenge Astros’ diminutive Jose Altuve reaching new heights as a hitter World Series guest analyst: Dodgers vs. Astros, Game 1 Newsroom GuidelinesNews TipsContact UsReport an Errorlast_img read more